How to Perform Emergency CPR
In an emergency situation remember DRS ABCD
Danger, Response, Send for Help, Airway, Breathing, CPR, Defibrillation.
1 – CHECK FOR DANGER
Ensure the safety of yourself, bystanders and the casualty. Remove or control dangers if safe to do so.
2 – CHECK FOR RESPONSE
Talk to the casualty. Touch the casualty. Can you hear me? Open your eyes. What’s your name? Squeeze my hands.
3 – SEND FOR HELP
Call triple zero (000) for an ambulance. Call 112 if 000 fails from a mobile phone. Stay on the line and listen carefully.
4 – ASSESS & OPEN AIRWAY
Open the mouth and check for foreign material. Roll the casualty on their side and use a finger sweep to clear the mouth if necessary.
5 – CHECK FOR NORMAL BREATHING
Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Look, listen and feel for normal breathing. If breathing is normal, roll the casualty on to their side and monitor breathing.
6 – START CPR
If not breathing normally and not responsive start CPR. Give 30 chest compressions in the centre of the chest (lower third of the breast bone). Aim to depress the chest by 1/3 its depth at a rate of 100 per minute (or approximately 2 compressions per second).
7 – GIVE RESCUE BREATHS
Provide rescue breaths by tilting the head back, pinching the casualty’s nose and covering the mouth with yours. Blow gently until you see the chest rise then turn your head away to watch the chest fall. Do this twice before commencing 30 chest compressions again. Continue the cycle of 30 chest compressions followed by 2 breaths until normal breathing or responsiveness return. If you are unable or unwilling to provide rescue breaths, continue with chest compressions only.
8 – ATTACH DEFIBRILLATOR (AED)
Locate and attach an Automated External Defibrillator as soon as possible and follow the voice prompts.